Exploring the future with PRO-SPECT: an evidence-based modular foresight approach

Explorando el futuro con PRO-SPECT: un enfoque modular de prospectiva basado en la evidencia

  • Jessie Koen TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Danielle Bruel TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Paul Preenen TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research & Saxion University of Applied Sciences
  • Wouter van der Torre TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
Keywords: foresight, future, scenario development, work, labor market


In the face of rapid technological advancements and unforeseen societal events, predicting the future of work proves challenging. Foresight, the exploration of potential futures, emerges as a valuable strategy to navigate labor market uncertainties. However, existing foresight methods often lack alignment with the goals prioritized by sectoral and organizational stakeholders. Addressing this gap, we introduce PRO-SPECT (PROfessional Sectoral perSPECTive), a modular foresight approach crafted through literature review, expert interviews, and workshops. Tailored to meet the needs of policymakers, organizations, and communities, PRO-SPECT consists of four key steps: Scope, Scan, Impact, and Perspective. This evidence-based approach aims to equip stakeholders with actionable insights for the future of work and beyond. This article provides a comprehensive overview of PRO-SPECT, encouraging further adoption and knowledge development in foresight practices.



Ante los rápidos avances tecnológicos y los imprevistos sociales, predecir el futuro del trabajo resulta todo un reto. La prospectiva, la exploración de futuros potenciales, se perfila como una valiosa estrategia para sortear las incertidumbres del mercado laboral. Sin embargo, los métodos de prospectiva existentes no suelen estar en consonancia con los objetivos prioritarios de los agentes sectoriales y organizativos. Para colmar esta laguna, presentamos PRO-SPECT (PROfessional Sectoral perSPECTive), un enfoque de prospectiva modular elaborado mediante revisión bibliográfica, entrevistas a expertos y talleres. Adaptado a las necesidades de los responsables políticos, las organizaciones y las comunidades, PRO-SPECT consta de cuatro pasos fundamentales: Alcance, Exploración, Impacto y Perspectiva. Este enfoque basado en pruebas tiene por objeto dotar a las partes interesadas de ideas prácticas para el futuro del trabajo y más allá. Este artículo ofrece una visión general de PRO-SPECT y anima a su adopción y al desarrollo del conocimiento en las prácticas de prospectiva.

Palabras clave: prospectiva; futuro; desarrollo de escenarios; trabajo; mercado laboral.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.31637/epsir.23-2.4


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How to Cite
Koen, J., Bruel, D., Preenen, P., & van der Torre, W. (2023). Exploring the future with PRO-SPECT: an evidence-based modular foresight approach. European Public & Social Innovation Review, 8(2), 40-53. Retrieved from https://pub.sinnergiak.org/esir/article/view/236
Research articles