Regional Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: The case of the Basque Country

Ecosistemas Regionales de Emprendimiento: El caso del País Vasco

  • Egoitz Pomares University of the Basque Country
Keywords: entrepreneurial ecosystems, regional development, digital transformation, inclusiveness


By using the concept of regional entrepreneurial ecosystems, the article analyses the case of the Basque Country (Spain). Specifically, the paper focuses on the analysis of two ecosystems: machine tool and smart mobility. While the former serves as a reference of a consolidated ecosystem, the latter represents an incipient and emerging activity in the region. Based on qualitative methodologies and stakeholder’s participation it presents a description of each of the ecosystems described focusing on socio-economic aspects in a context of digital transformation. In addition, the article includes some policy implications and conclusions that can contribute to ecosystem development. In particular, the ability to extract knowledge that can be transferred from one ecosystem to another.



Mediante el uso del concepto de los ecosistemas regionales de emprendimiento, el artículo analiza el caso del País Vasco (España). En concreto, se centra en el análisis de dos ecosistemas: el de la máquina herramienta y el de la movilidad inteligente. Mientras que el primero sirve como referencia de un ecosistema consolidado, el segundo representa una actividad incipiente y emergente en la región. El artículo, basado en metodologías cualitativas y en la participación de los interesados, presenta una descripción de cada uno de los ecosistemas descritos centrándose en los aspectos socioeconómicos en un contexto de transformación digital. Además, el artículo incluye una serie de implicaciones políticas y conclusiones que pueden contribuir al desarrollo de los ecosistemas. En particular, la capacidad de extraer conocimientos y aprendizajes que puedan transferirse de un ecosistema a otro.

Palabras clave: ecosistemas de emprendimiento; desarrollo regional; transformación digital; inclusión.




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How to Cite
Pomares, E. (2022). Regional Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: The case of the Basque Country. European Public & Social Innovation Review, 7(1), 30-42. Retrieved from
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