Peeling the Onion. An Exploration of the Layers of Social Innovation Ecosystems. Modelling a context sensitive perspective on driving and hindering factors for social innovation

Christoph Kaletka, Mona Markmann, Bastian Pelka

Abstract


This article builds on the emerging discourse on “ecosystems of social innovation” and develops a model to identify and analyse driving and hindering factors for social innovation initiatives.

Social innovation – especially in the context of social entrepreneurship – is increasingly gaining momentum in the European welfare landscape. That growing importance challenges the scientific discourse as it asks for criteria of how to support, foster and sustain social innovation. This article utilizes two case studies illustrating different levels of drivers and barriers and develops a model for understanding contexts of social innovation. Four interrelated context levels are identified which constitute social innovation ecosystems: actors, structures, functions, and norms. The “onion”-model can be used by social innovators, financiers and policy makers alike in order to better and more strategically support social innovations themselves and to improve the framework conditions promoting or impeding them. The model allows for a better understanding of the diversity of supporting and hindering factors initiatives can face in any given urban or national social innovation ecosystem.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Arthur, B. (2009). The Nature of Technology. New York: Free Press.

Ashoka (2010). “Frank Hoffmann”. Accessed 11 November 2015. http://germany.ashoka.org/fellow/frank-hoffmann

Bason, C. (2010). Leading public sector innovation, Bristol: Policy Press.

Bekkers, V.; Edelenbos, J. and Steijn, B. (eds.) (2011). Innovation in the Public Sector: Linking Capacity and Leadership, Governance and Public Management Series. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bekkers, V. and Homburg, V. (2005). “E-Government as an Information Ecology”, In: V. Bekkers and V. Homburg (eds.), The Information Ecology of E-Government (pp. 1-19). Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Bloom, P. and Dees, G. (2008). “Cultivate your Ecosystem.” Stanford Social Innovation Review 6 (1), 47-53.

Bourdieu, P. (1983). “Ökonomisches Kapital, kulturelles Kapital, soziales Kapital“. In: R. Kreckel (ed.). Soziale Ungleichheiten (pp. 183-198). Göttingen: Schwartz.

Carayannis, E. G. and Campbell, D. F. J. (2012). “Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innova-tion Systems”, Springer Briefs in Business, 7, 1-64.

Castells, M. (1996). The rise of the network society. Cambridge: Blackwell.

Caulier-Grice, J. (2008). “Aspire Group Ltd. Social innovation exchange: Case study”. Accessed 11 November 2015. http://www.socialinnovationexchange.org/categories/read/aspire-group-ltd

Discovering Hands (2012). “Discovering Hands: Jahresbericht 2012”. Accessed 12 November 2015. http://www.social-reporting-stand-ard.de/fileadmin/redaktion/Anwenderberichte/Herausragende_Anwenderberichte/Nach_SRS_2012/2012_discovering_hands.pdf

— (2015). “Discovering Hands: English version”. Accessed 12 November 2015. http://www.discovering-hands.de/start/english-version.html

— (2015). “Pilotprojekt in Kolumbien: Die Teilnehmerinnen für den ersten discovering hands® - Kurs stehen fest”. Accessed 12 November 2015. http://www.discovering-hands.de/news/209-pilotprojekt-in-kolumbien-die-teilnehmerinnen-fuer-den-ersten-discovering-hands-kurs-sind-bekannt.html

European Anti-Poverty Network (2016). “The contribution of meaningful Social Innovation to reducing poverty and social exclusion in Europe, EAPN booklet”. Accessed 11 August 2016. http://www.eapn.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/2016-EAPN-Social-Innovation-Booklet.pdf

European Commission (2013). COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PAR-LIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS Towards Social Investment for Growth and Cohesion – including implementing the European Social Fund 2014-2020 /* COM/2013/083 final */. Accessed 11 August 2016. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2013:0083:FIN:EN:HTML

FASE (Finanzierungsagentur für Social Entrepreneurship) (2014). “Case Study Social Entrepreneurship: Scal-ing and Financing of a Social Innovation Business Model, Social Impact, Financing, Social Franchis-ing: Discovering Hands”. Accessed 12 November 2015. http://social-enterprise-finance.eu/sites/default/files/140907_Case_Study_Discovering_Hands_English.pdf

Hansson, J.; Björk, F.; Lundborg, D. and Olofsson, L.-E. (2014). An Ecosystem for Social Innovation in Swe-den: A strategic research and innovation agenda. Lund: Lund University.

Howaldt, J. and Schwarz, M. (2010). “Social Innovation: Concepts, Research Fields and International Trends”. In K. Henning and F. Hees (eds.) Studies for Innovation in a Modern Working Environment – Interna-tional Monitoring, Vol. 5. Department of Information Management in Mech. Engineering. Center for Learning and Knowledge Management Ass. Institute for Management Cybernetics e.V. IMA/ZLW & IfU – RWTH Aachen University, Aachen. Accessed 13 September 2015. http://www.internationalmonitoring.com/fileadmin/Downloads/Trendstudien/Trends_V2/IMO-MAG%20Howaldt_final_mit_cover.pdf

Howaldt, J.; Butzin, A.; Domanski, D. and Kaletka, C. (2014). “Theoretical Approaches to Social Innovation - A Critical Literature Review”, A deliverable of the project: ‘Social Innovation: Driving Force of Social Change’ (SI-DRIVE). Dortmund: Sozialforschungsstelle.

Howaldt, J.; Schröder, A.; Kaletka, C.; Rehfeld, D. and Terstriep, J. (2016). „Mapping the world of social inno-vation. A global comparative analysis across sectors and world regions”. Dortmund: Sozialfor-schungsstelle. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17877/DE290R-17198

Howaldt, J.; Kopp, R. and Schwarz, M. (2015). “Social innovations as drivers of social change: Exploring Tar-de's contribution to social innovation theory building”, In: A. Nicholls; A.J. Simon and M. Gabriel (eds.) New frontiers in social innovation research (pp. 29-51). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kaletka, C. and Pelka, B. (2015). “(Digital) Social Innovation through Public Internet Access Points”. In: M. Antona and C. Stephanidis (eds.) Universal Access in Human-Computer Inter-action. Access to To-day’s Technologies, UAHCI 2015, Part I, LNCS 9175 (pp. 201–212) Cham: Springer

Koh, H.; Hegde, N. and Karamchandani, A. (2014). “Beyond the Pioneer: Getting inclusive industries to scale”, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India Private Ltd (DTTIPL). Accessed 20 August 2016. http://www.beyondthepioneer.org/wp-content/themes/monitor/Beyond-the-Pioneer-Report.pdf

Levi-Strauss, C. (1962). La pensée sauvage. Paris: Librarier Plon.

Miller, P., and Stacey, J. (2014). “Good Incubation: The craft of supporting early–stage social ventures”, Lon-don: NESTA. Accessed 20 August 2016 http://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/good_incubation_wv.pdf

Osborne, S. and Brown, L. (2011). “Innovation, public policy and public services delivery in the UK: the word that would be king”, Public Administration, 89 (4), 1335-1350.

Pelka, B. and Markmann, M. (2015). “Criteria & Recommendations to Strengthen Social Innovation”, Deliver-able D4.2 of the project ‘Boosting the Impact of SI in Europe through Economic Underpinnings’ (SIMPACT), European Commission – 7th Framework Programme. Brussels: European Commission, DG Research & Innovation.

Phills, J. A.; Deiglmeier, K. and Miller, D. T. (2008). „Rediscovering social innovation”, Stanford Social Inno-vation Review, 6 (4), 34-43.

Pol, E. and Ville, S. (2009). “Social innovation: Buzz word or enduring term?”, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 38, 878-885.

Porter, M. E. (1985). The Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York: Free Press.

Rehfeld, D., Terstriep, J.; Welschhoff, J. and Alijani, S. (2015). “Comparative Report on Social Innovation Framework”. Deliverable D1.1 of the project ‘Boosting the Impact of SI in Europe through Economic Underpinnings’ (SIMPACT), European Commission – 7th Framework Programme. Brussels: European Commission, DG Research & Innovation.

Rogers, E. (1995). Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press.

Rüede, D. and Lurtz, K. (2012). “Mapping the various meanings of social innovation: Towards a differentiated understanding of an emerging concept”. EBS Business School Research Paper No. 12-03. Accessed 13 July 2015. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2091039

Sgaragli, F. (ed.) (2014), Enabling social innovation ecosystems for community-led territorial development. Quaderni della Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, “Studi e ricerche” series, 49. Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, Rome. Accessed 11 August 2016 http://www.fondazionebrodolini.it/sites/default/files/pubblicazioni/file/q49_0.pdf

Terstriep, J.; Kleverbeck, M.; Deserti, A. and Rizzo, F. (2015). “Comparative Report on Social Innovation across Europe”, Deliverable D3.2 of the project ‘Boosting the Impact of SI in Europe through Eco-nomic Underpinnings’ (SIMPACT), European Commission – 7th Framework Programme. Brussels: European Commission, DG Research & Innovation.

Tracey, P. and Jarvis, O. (2006). “An Enterprising Failure: Why a promising social franchise collapsed”. Stan-ford Social Innovation Review, 4(1), 66-70.

Tracey, P.; Philips, N. and Jarvis, O. (2010). “Bridging Institutional Entrepreneurship and the Creation of New Organizational Forms: A Multilevel Model”. Organization Science, 22(1), 66-80.

Unceta, A.; Castro-Spila, J. and García Fronti, J. (2016). “Social innovation indicators”. Innovation: The Euro-pean Journal of Social Science Research, 29(2): 192-204.

Wallin, S. (2010). “The co-evolvement in local development – From the triple to the quadruple helix model”, Paper presented at Triple Helix VIII, Madrid. Accessed 20 August 2016 http://www.leydesdorff.net/th8/TRIPLE%20HELIX%20-%20VIII%20CONFERENCE/PROCEEDINGS/0110_Wallin_Sirkku_O-104/triple%20helix%20Wallin%20final.pdf

Weischenberg, S. (1990). “Das ‘Paradigma Journalistik’”, Publizistik, 35(1), 45-61.

Westley, F.; Zimmerman, B. and Patton, M. (2006). Getting to Maybe: How the World is Changed. Toronto: Random House of Canada.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 European Public & Social Innovation Review

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License Copyright Sinnergiak - Some rights reserved. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial 3.0. Editorial Sinnergiak